The calciferol receptor (VDR) is a necessary protein that is stimulated by calciferol. It is associated with maintaining the mineral balance in the body and adding to growth and hair development. It also interacts with adipose skin.

VDRs happen to be expressed inside the parathyroid glands, intestines, epithelial cellular material, and many defense cell types. They are thought to regulate the intestinal absorption of calcium mineral, and to mediate some of the effects of vitamin D on bone repair. Fortunately they are thought to enjoy an important role in metabolism.

VDR is found in a variety of cells, including epithelial cells, macrophages, neutrophils, and skin keratinocytes. However , they can be most widely expressed in the kidneys and halloween bones.

The VDR is phosphorylated upon serine elements by a variety of protein kinases. These kinases include PKA and PKC. The effect of the kinases in VDR is certainly ligand centered. Specifically, the phosphorylation of Ser51 by PKC reduced VDR nuclear localization. Likewise, phosphorylation of Ser182 by PKA reduced RXR heterodimerization.

Studies have shown that VDRs are present in a subsection, subdivision, subgroup, subcategory, subclass of glial cells, particularly in oligodendrocytes in white subject. Although VDR immunoreactivity has been detected in a number of glial cell lines, no research has been offered that the presence of VDR in glia is a cause for increased risk of tumorigenesis.

Additionally , VDR seems present in a subset of neurons. In fact , nuclear staining has been proven in individuals cortex and glial cell-lines.

A large 220-kDa protein is found in human primary glioblastoma cells. In contrast, a little recombinant VDR-like protein was produced.